Document Type : Original Clinical
Gastroenterology and hepatology unit, internal medicine department, faculty of medicine,zagazig university.
Microbiology department, faculty of medicine, Zagazig university
Background. Chronic liver disease (CLD) is linked to immune system failure, which increases the risk of infections and consequences brought on by COVID-19. Therefore, we aimed to compare hospitalized COVID -19 patients with and without CLD to assess the effect of CLD on the severity of COVID-19 infection. Methods. The study was conducted between April and October 2022 at Zagazig university hospitals. It enrolled 108 subjects admitted at the isolation hospital for COVID-19 illness. The cases were allocated equally into three groups, group (I): Patients without evidence of liver disease. Group (II): patients with chronic hepatitis, and group (III): patients with cirrhotic liver. Result. There were significant correlations between the severity of COVID -19 and the CTP classification of Group III (r=0.5 p=0.05 in child A, r=0.08 p=0.05 in child B, r=0.4 p=0.001in child C). In addition, there were significant correlations between laboratory parameters such as INR (r=0.6, p=0.05), bilirubin (r=0.4, p=0.001), ALT (r= 0.5, p=0.05), and AST (r=0.08, p=0.05) and severity of COVID -19 in studies groups. Conclusion: Those with CLD and cirrhosis had a higher death rate. COVID-19 severity related to the Child-Turcotte-Pugh score (CTP) score.